You don't need 50 rep to answer someone's question. You can do so right away!
The different levels of reputation needed for certain actions are called privileges.
The ones relevant to you are:
1: create posts
Ask a question or contribute an answer
10: remove new user restrictions
Post more links, answer protected questions
50: comment everywhere
Right now it takes 3,000 reputation to cast a re-open or a close vote. We don't want "casual users" voting to close or open questions, we want users who are invested in the site and making it a better place all around. I know that some people have, in the past, suggested making account-age a substitute for reputation requirements, but it's always been shot ...
The user performed the review action on one of their own posts
The system is designed in such a way that it can track when your action happens to match up with one you would take if you were reviewing. In this case, there was a suggested edit to one of their own posts, which they promptly approved, thus registering as a review action. See below image:
So you've just acquired a new rep-based privilege. There's a couple of different questions here:
What is required?
Nothing. These milestones are privileges, not responsibilities.
How should you use this power, given that you want to?
First of all, read the help centre page associated with that particular privilege. (There a list of all privileges with ...
While Jason Baker already gives quite an exhaustive rundown of the motivations for a multi-user review process, I'd like to approach your notion of a "ridiculous double standard" a little more from a mere conceptual viewpoint.
There is very well a difference between making that edit yourself and just giving someone else doing it your Ok. An actual edit ...
Gold tag badges (or indeed all tag badges) only take into account answers, not questions. There aren’t any closing powers that users can acquire (at the moment) from asking a great number of questions in a certain tag, even if those questions receive lots of upvotes.
Of course, asking lots of questions does give one more generic privileges on ...
This sort of feature would almost certainly have to be network-wide, so Super Meta may be a better place for this request. But here's my take anyway.
Don't allow new users to edit
Strongly opposed. There's a huge swathe of edits that you don't need a lot of experience with a site to handle; the spelling and grammar example you give is one. There's lots of ...
Privileges are common across the entire SE estate. If you feel that these should be changed, you need to raise it on SE:Meta, not on a local site.
For the record, there was a review a while ago. Some things changed, most things didn't.
Close votes policy review
The former are called gold tag badges. You can see all the gold tag badges awarded on the main site , and on the meta.
For asking a lot of questions about a topic, there isn't a specific award. However, there is an easy way to find out who has asked high reputation questions about a tag. On a tag page, eg. harry-potter, follow the "top users" link to go ...
Per the Privileges page you need 10k for the access to moderator tools privilege.
Inline tag editing
Finally, you now have the ability to do inline tag edits on questions: a new "Edit tags" link will appear next to the tags on every question; clicking it brings up an inline editor for the tags on that question:
Site analytic and Traffic Sources;
All of which is basically pointless. Apparently SE would prefer that we not share the raw data (huh?) but is happy to share the analysis that results from it (huh?).
As to how to use your new-found closing powers, there are a few posts that are essential reading (see below)...